Stimulant Drugs: Types, Uses, Effects, and Risks

Stimulant drugs, bagged pills, crushed pills, and syringes

Prescribed stimulant drugs can be helpful for some people with specific physical and mental conditions. However, if you misuse prescription stimulants or take stimulant street drugs regularly, they can pose significant risks. Here’s an overview of stimulant drugs, including their types, why people use them, how they affect the body, and the risks associated with stimulants.

Are you concerned you’re overusing stimulant drugs? Contact The Woods at Parkside to learn about our treatment programs.

What Are Stimulant Drugs?

Stimulant drugs, bagged pills, crushed pills, and syringes

Stimulant drugs are medications or street drugs that work by speeding up the chemical messages that travel between your brain and the rest of your body. They give you a boost, both physically and mentally. By increasing your dopamine levels, they may give you a pleasant feeling – at first. However, because the short-term experience can seem so desirable, many people misuse stimulants.

What Drugs Are Stimulants?

10 Types of Stimulant Drugs You Should Know Infographic

There are several types of stimulants that people use. Some are common and socially acceptable, such as coffee or pseudoephedrine. Nicotine is a dangerous stimulant that some people still use regularly.

Other stimulants include:

  • Amphetamines are used both as medications and recreationally.
  • Cocaine, long ago used by doctors to block pain, is now primarily a powerfully addictive illicit drug used by many to stay awake longer, lose weight, or gain confidence.
  • Ice is also known as crystal meth.
  • Khat, the stimulant, is in leaves that are chewed, mainly in Middle Eastern cultures.
  • Synthetic cathinone can include both prescription drugs like bupropion and recreational drugs.
  • Betel nut, a nut that is chewed alone or mixed with tobacco, is a home remedy for schizophrenia, digestive problems, and other issues but has not been proven to help with any physical or mental condition.
  • Methylphenidate is often prescribed for ADHD or narcolepsy.

As you might notice, stimulant drugs can be used for positive effects and misused to create addiction, along with a variety of physical and mental health issues.

What Are the Effects of Stimulants?

What effects you will experience when taking stimulant drugs depends on several factors. The type, strength, amount you take, and whether you take them with other substances all play a part. In addition, your own size, weight, and underlying health conditions can influence the effects. Plus, the effect depends on whether you are used to taking it.

If you take a prescribed stimulant at the recommended dosage, you may experience some side effects at first. If so, you can talk to your doctor about whether you are getting enough benefit from the stimulant drug to justify living with the side effects.

Positive and Undesirable Effects

In general, if you take stimulants at low doses, the effects can seem positive. You may feel euphoric, have a greater sense of overall well-being, and become more alert, confident, and talkative. Your appetite may diminish, which is why stimulant drugs have been used as diet pills at times.

In addition, however, your heart rate and blood pressure may increase. You may have intense anxiety, tension, and nausea. Your body temperature may rise, and you could begin to have tremors. The worst risks of stimulants can happen if you use them for too long or take too much. Then, you could have cardiac arrhythmia, cardiac arrest, strokes, seizures, go into a coma, or die.

What Are the Signs of Stimulant Abuse?

Beyond the physical risks associated with stimulants, these drugs are extremely addictive. Once you have taken them for a while, you become tolerant to them, meaning it takes more of the drug to give you the desired feeling. You can also become dependent on them, craving the drug and putting it ahead of all other goals in your life. After you become addicted to stimulant drugs, it is very hard to stop taking them.

Here are some of the signs that you or someone you know might be abusing stimulant drugs.

Physical and mental effects include:

  • Pupils are dilated.
  • Feeling restless
  • Hyperactive
  • No appetite
  • Losing weight
  • Sweating
  • Mood swings
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Being jittery
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Higher blood pressure
  • Flight of ideas
  • Anxiety
  • Paranoia
  • Decreased sexual function
  • Confusion

Changes in behavior can show up as:

  • Lying or stealing to get the drug
  • Doctor shopping to get stimulant prescriptions
  • Exceeding the recommended dose of stimulant prescriptions
  • Using stimulants that were prescribed to someone else
  • Using street drugs that are stimulants

If these signs of stimulant abuse feel very familiar, chances are you or someone you care about needs help and effective treatment. Not only can the right care help you regain your physical health, but it can improve your mental health so that you can build a better life without the drugs.

Treatment for Stimulant Abuse

The first step in stimulant use disorder is typically detoxification. During detox, you need to be medically supervised as your body goes through the shock of being without the drug. Depression can become a problem, and some people even have suicidal thoughts or actions when detoxing from stimulants.

However, detox alone can’t stop the addiction. To regain your physical and mental health and overcome your addiction, you need continuing treatment until you learn how to manage your life and problems without stimulants.

Treatment typically includes some form of talk therapy, such as behavioral therapy or cognitive-behavioral therapy. Contingency management, a type of behavioral therapy, can help you by giving you incentives for positive behaviors, such as not using stimulants. CBT helps you reevaluate the thoughts behind your feelings and choices to use stimulant drugs. When you learn to choose more helpful thoughts and behaviors, you have more tools at your disposal to prevent relapse.

Stimulant Use Disorder Treatment at The Woods at Parkside

The Woods at Parkside, in Gahanna, Ohio, near Columbus, provides a comprehensive treatment program for people who have an addiction to stimulants. Our medically supervised drug detox ensures your safety from both physical and mental dangers in the first days after you quit using.

Next, you can take part in our 45-day residential treatment program. Whether you have stimulant use disorder alone or also have co-occurring disorders like depression, we can provide the integrated treatments you need to overcome your addiction.

At The Woods at Parkside, our goal is to provide care that helps you get back your mental, physical, and spiritual health. We seek to prepare you for life beyond our facility, where you can live the life you choose and succeed in your recovery from stimulant drugs.

We accept a wide range of insurances and payment methods, including EAP, Medicare, and Medicaid. All our patients admit themselves to treatment, coming from all over Central and Southern Ohio to benefit from safe, effective treatment at our 11-acre facility. If stimulant drugs are disrupting your work, your leisure time, and your relationships, there is no better time than now to find your way back to sobriety. The path to freedom from addiction is waiting for you here, at The Woods at Parkside.

Are stimulant drugs becoming a problem for you? Reach out to our team at The Woods at Parkside to discuss our treatment options.

The post Stimulant Drugs: Types, Uses, Effects, and Risks appeared first on The Woods At Parkside.

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